Difficult to tell apart. Females and males are the same size.
Can survive in any habitat except true desert and forest,
the main requirement beiong the presence of harvester termites. The aardwolf favours open grassland or scrub with rainfall of 100-600 mm
Almost exclusively harvester termites of which they eat about 300 000
(!) a night.
They also occasionally eats other insects.
Aardwolves can not prey on mammals because their teeth are too small to chew meat.
Litters of 2-4 are born in October after mating in mid winter and a gestation of 90 days. Cubs
come out of the den at 3 and stay near it until 3 months old after which they forage with the parents
month. Cubs are weaned and start to forage independently at 4 months. They share
the parents' territory until they are a year old.
Mating pairs are monogamous but both sexes will mate with others. Black-backed jackals
will kill unguarded
Behavior and Habits
Active when the termites are active: at night in summer
and from the late afternoon onwards in winter order to feed on other species
termites which come out during the day. Termites are detected by scent and
and are licked off the soil surface. Aardwolf shelter in burrows and sleep
Pairs share a territory of 1-4 sq km but they forage alone. Trespassers are
dealt with by being attacked and chased by residents whith the mane erect to make itself look nearly twice as big. Territories are
marked with scent-marks of anal
gland secretion deposited on grass stems.
Dung and urine are buried in middens. The first order of business for an aardwolf's
activity is a sprint for the nearest midden and depositing up to 10% (!) of its body
weight in faeces. Males help to raise cubs by guarding them from jackals while the
contact calls. Makes a clucking noise under stress. Also an explosive bark or a loud, deep
Dung and Field sign
Dung is very large (5 cm diameter) and consist mainly of sand
mixed with termite heads. Deposited in middens which are areas of bare soil 2-3 m across containing
buried dung. The dung smells distinctively like eucalyptus due to the
defensive secretions of termites.