Banded Mongoose - Mungos mungo

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African Civet - Civettictis civetta | Large spotted Genet - Genetta tigrina | Small spotted Genet - Genetta genetta | Selous' Mongoose - Paracynictis selousi | Yellow Mongoose - Cynictis penicillata | Small Grey Mongoose - Galerella pulverulenta | White-tailed Mongoose - Ichneumia albicauda | Water Mongoose - Atilax paludinosus | Large Grey Mongoose - Herpestes ichneumon | Slender Mongoose - Galerella sanguinea | Banded Mongoose - Mungos mungo | Dwarf Mongoose - Helogale parvula | Suricate - Suricata suricatta


Afrikaans Gebande muishond
Tswana Letototo Shangaan Nkala
Zulu Buhala Shona Dzvoro

3 cm

Distribution Dung
5 cm,
Deposited in middens near dens
Contains insect exoskeletons.
Ground scratched over dung

Unusual features/differences from similar animals

Narrow darker stripes run across the back from just behind the shoulders to the base of the tail whereas the suricate has wider and less clear stripes. The tail has darker tip whereas the tail of the suricate has a dark tip.

Visible Male/Female Differences

Females are slightly larger than males. Male has prominent scrotum

Habitat and Distribution

Woodland. Seasonally dependent on water.


Insects, especially beetles and their grubs. Also fruit, invertebrates and small vertebrates. Sometimes eats carrion. Food is detected by smell and sight, and are dug for. Prey with distasteful secretions is rolled and rubbed in the soil to clean it 


Litters of up to eight are born October January after a gestation of 60 days. Several females in a pack will breed simultaneosly and females can have two litters per year. Young takes solid food at 3-4 weeks and accompanies adults at 5 weeks, are full-grown at 13 months and sexually mature at 10 months. All pack members care for young. Females will suckle each other's offspring.

Behavior and Habits

Active during the day and comes out of the den after sunrise and return before sunset. They live in packs of 10 or more, typically up to about 30. They are highly social and packs sleep together and forage together in loose groups but each mongoose forages for its own food. They keep in contact by a continual high-pitched twitter. Pack members groom and mark each other with anal secretions.

Alarm calls are chittering sounds which cause pack members to freeze, stand up and try to locate and identify the danger. Once done, they slip quietly away. Sudden loud alarms send them scurrying into nearby cover.  Adults catch prey and give it to juveniles. Small predators such as jackals are driven off by group attacks. Adults protect young in the group by bunching around them. Scent marking is done with anal gland secretion and urine.


While foraging, they maintain contact with a continuous twitter, which becomes more highly pitched as the group disperses.

Dung and Field sign

 Droppings are up to 5 cm long, 1 - 1,5 cm thick, tapered at the end containing insect fragments. Deposited in middens near dens. They scratch ground over their dung. 


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