Blesbok - Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi

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Damara Dik-dik - Madoqua kirkii | Oribi - Ourebia ourebi | Suni - Neotragus moschatus | Grysbok - Raphicerus melanotis | Sharpe's Grysbok - Raphicerus sharpii | Klipspringer - Oreotragus oreotragus | Blue Duiker - Philancomba monticola | Red Duiker - Cepholophus natalensis | Common Duiker - Sylvicapra grimmia | Steenbok - Raphicerus campestris | Bushbuck - Trogelophus scriptus | Blesbok - Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi | Bontebok- Domaliscus dorcas dorcas | Reedbuck - Redunca arundinum | Mountain Reedbuck - Redunca fulvorufula | Grey Rheebuck- Pelea capreolus | Springbuck - Antidorcas marsupialis | Impala - Aepyceros melampus melampus | Blue Wildebeest - Connochaetes taurinus | Black Wildebeest - Connochaetes gnu | Tsessebe - Domaliscus lunatus | Gemsbuck - Oryx gazella | Red Hartebeest - Alcelaphus buselaphus | Lichtenstein's Hartebeest - Sigmoceros lichtensteinii | Sable- Hippotragus niger | Roan - Hippotragus equinus | Puku - Kobus vardonii | Waterbuck - Kobus ellipsiprymnus | Red Lechwe - Kobus leche | Nyala - Tragelaphus angasii | Sitatunga - Tragelaphus spekei | Kudu - Tragelaphus strepsiceros | Eland - Taurotragus oryx | Buffalo - Syncerus caffer

 


Afrikaans Blesbok
Tswana None/Nono
R.W. Min 15" Max 20"
S.C.I Min 39" Max 52" Measurement Method 1

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Tracks
F 6cm
H 5cm

Distribution

Dung
1.5 cm
Deposited in middens

Unusual features/differences from similar animals

Cream-colored on the rump while the rump of the Bontebok is white. Horns are whitish on the ridges while horns of the Bontebok are black.

Visible Male/Female Differences

Males larger than females with thicker horns. Females have one pair of nipples between the hind legs.

Habitat and Distribution

Highveld grassland with permanent water as a requirement.  Very widely translocated.

Diet

A selective grazer, but will browse. Prefers short grass, especially fresh growth a veld fire. Drinks at least once a day.

Reproduction

Calves weighing 6-7 kg produced after a gestation of 246 days. Calves are weaned at 4 months. Newborn calves can stand within a few minutes and run with the mother after 20 minutes. Mothers chase other blesbok away and will only suckle their own calf. Bonds between mother and calf weaken when the calf is about six months old. Females are sexually mature at 2-3 years. Lifespan 13 years. Breeding triggered by short day length.

Behavior and Habits

Active in the early morning and late afternoon and rests in shade during the heat and thickets at night.  Territories are marked with dung middens. The territorial males lies in a midden to drench himself in the smell of his area. Both sexes and all ages deposit a secretion from a gland in front of the eyes on grass stalks, as well as a secretion from glands between the front hooves. Territory occupation is advertised by standing sideways on to intruders, stamping the feet and digging up soil with the horns. Males without territories form bachelor herds. Territories are defended by horn clashing which can escalate to becoming serious and are sometimes fatal. Territorial rams herd females by corralling them with head stretched forward and tail curled up.

Sounds

Calves separated from their mothers bleat, mothers answer with deep grunts. 

Dung and Field sign

Dung middens, horned up soil. Dung pellets are 1,5 cm long with a short point at one end, and blunt at the other.

 



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