Unusual features/differences from similar
smallest of the Southern African antelope.
Visible Male/Female Differences
Females have two pairs of nipples between the hind legs. Female slightly
larger than males.
Habitat and Distribution
Forests and dense undergrowth and coastal bush. Independent of water.
Preferred food is fruit; also eats freshly fallen leaves.
Single young are born at any time of the year after a gestation of 7 months. Females first give birth at 1,5-2 years. Lifespan 6-7 years. Preyed on
by leopard and caracal.
Behavior and Habits
Solitary, except for females with lambs and mating pairs. Active at dawn and
dusk but not active at night and half the day. Blue Duiker have
territories of 0.5-1 ha. The territory boundaries are marked by scraping trees with the horns, and
scent-marking by rubbing the scent glands in front of the eyes glands on branches.
They uses trails through
vegetation which make them especially vulnerable to snares. The avoid predators by
motionless and then
suddenly dashing away when approached too closely.
A nasal whistle when alarmed, a "chirp" when curious and a
loud bleat when distressed.
Dung and Field sign
0,5 cm long, tapered at one end, hollow at the other. Deposited in middens.
Worn trails through the undergrowth. Scars on tree bark on territory borders.