Blue Duiker - Philancomba monticola

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Damara Dik-dik - Madoqua kirkii | Oribi - Ourebia ourebi | Suni - Neotragus moschatus | Grysbok - Raphicerus melanotis | Sharpe's Grysbok - Raphicerus sharpii | Klipspringer - Oreotragus oreotragus | Blue Duiker - Philancomba monticola | Red Duiker - Cepholophus natalensis | Common Duiker - Sylvicapra grimmia | Steenbok - Raphicerus campestris | Bushbuck - Trogelophus scriptus | Blesbok - Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi | Bontebok- Domaliscus dorcas dorcas | Reedbuck - Redunca arundinum | Mountain Reedbuck - Redunca fulvorufula | Grey Rheebuck- Pelea capreolus | Springbuck - Antidorcas marsupialis | Impala - Aepyceros melampus melampus | Blue Wildebeest - Connochaetes taurinus | Black Wildebeest - Connochaetes gnu | Tsessebe - Domaliscus lunatus | Gemsbuck - Oryx gazella | Red Hartebeest - Alcelaphus buselaphus | Lichtenstein's Hartebeest - Sigmoceros lichtensteinii | Sable- Hippotragus niger | Roan - Hippotragus equinus | Puku - Kobus vardonii | Waterbuck - Kobus ellipsiprymnus | Red Lechwe - Kobus leche | Nyala - Tragelaphus angasii | Sitatunga - Tragelaphus spekei | Kudu - Tragelaphus strepsiceros | Eland - Taurotragus oryx | Buffalo - Syncerus caffer

 


Afrikaans Blouduiker
Zulu Iphiti Tswana Phuti
R.W. Min 1" Max 2"
S.C.I Min 4" Max 8" Measurement Method 1

wpeB.jpg (4391 bytes)


Tracks
1.5 cm

Distribution

Dung
1 cm
Tapered at one end, hollow at the other
Deposited in middens

Unusual features/differences from similar animals

The smallest of the Southern African antelope.

Visible Male/Female Differences

Females have two pairs of nipples between the hind legs. Female slightly larger than males.

Habitat and Distribution

Forests and dense undergrowth and coastal bush. Independent of water.

Diet

Preferred food is fruit; also eats freshly fallen leaves.

Reproduction

Single young are born at any time of the year after a gestation of 7 months. Females first give birth at 1,5-2 years. Lifespan 6-7 years. Preyed on by leopard and caracal.

Behavior and Habits

Solitary, except for females with lambs and mating pairs. Active at dawn and dusk but not active at night and half the day. Blue Duiker have territories of 0.5-1 ha. The territory boundaries are marked by scraping trees with the horns, and scent-marking by rubbing the scent glands in front of the eyes glands on branches. They uses trails through vegetation which make them especially vulnerable to snares. The avoid predators by snading motionless and then suddenly dashing away when approached too closely.

Sounds

A nasal whistle when alarmed, a "chirp" when curious and a loud bleat when distressed.

Dung and Field sign

Pellets 0,5 cm long, tapered at one end, hollow at the other. Deposited in middens.  Worn trails through the undergrowth. Scars on tree bark on territory borders.

 



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