Visible Male/Female Differences
The horns of males are heavier than those of females and grow from a much heavier
boss, usually extending further sideways than their ears. The penis sheath
is visible in males.
Habitat and Distribution
Open bushveld and grassland. They are seldom found more than 15 km from water
where migration is not possible. Does not occur in large numbers where the winters are cold
and are very widely translocated.
A unselective grazer which prefers fresh growth less than 10- 15 cm high.
They can survives without water by eating wild melons.
Gestation is 250 days and births are synchronized, with a sharp peak to
saturate predation. Birth weight 22 kg, young is weaned at 8 months, but up to 16 months if the
mother loses her next calf. Females have their first calf at two years and breed
annually, moving out of the herd to give birth. Calves can stand right after
birth, run within 5 minutes and can keep up with the herd within a day. Lifespan 15 years.
Behavior and Habits
Most active during the day. They avoids the midday heat by standing or resting in shade, especially if water is
not available. If no shade is available stands to face the breeze. Half of the time spent grazing is after dark.
They drink water daily if it is available and do not mind muddy water.
They are often seen grazing with Burchell's zebra
Dung and Field Sign
Pellets of 2 cm, pointed at one end and blunt on the other; sometimes
deposited in middens on trampled, bare patches in territories.