Bontebok- Domaliscus dorcas dorcas

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Damara Dik-dik - Madoqua kirkii | Oribi - Ourebia ourebi | Suni - Neotragus moschatus | Grysbok - Raphicerus melanotis | Sharpe's Grysbok - Raphicerus sharpii | Klipspringer - Oreotragus oreotragus | Blue Duiker - Philancomba monticola | Red Duiker - Cepholophus natalensis | Common Duiker - Sylvicapra grimmia | Steenbok - Raphicerus campestris | Bushbuck - Trogelophus scriptus | Blesbok - Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi | Bontebok- Domaliscus dorcas dorcas | Reedbuck - Redunca arundinum | Mountain Reedbuck - Redunca fulvorufula | Grey Rheebuck- Pelea capreolus | Springbuck - Antidorcas marsupialis | Impala - Aepyceros melampus melampus | Blue Wildebeest - Connochaetes taurinus | Black Wildebeest - Connochaetes gnu | Tsessebe - Domaliscus lunatus | Gemsbuck - Oryx gazella | Red Hartebeest - Alcelaphus buselaphus | Lichtenstein's Hartebeest - Sigmoceros lichtensteinii | Sable- Hippotragus niger | Roan - Hippotragus equinus | Puku - Kobus vardonii | Waterbuck - Kobus ellipsiprymnus | Red Lechwe - Kobus leche | Nyala - Tragelaphus angasii | Sitatunga - Tragelaphus spekei | Kudu - Tragelaphus strepsiceros | Eland - Taurotragus oryx | Buffalo - Syncerus caffer

 


Afrikaans Bontebok
Photo SA Parks Board
R.W. Min 14" Max 16"
S.C.I Min
36" Max 47" Measurement Method 1

wpe17.jpg (9155 bytes)


Tracks
F 6cm
H 5cm

Distribution

Dung
1.5 cm
Short point at one end, blunt at the other
Deposited in middens

Unusual features/differences from similar animals

The rump is white whereas the rump is lighter than the body in blesbok. The white blaze from the forehead to the nostrils narrows sharply between the eyes and is not broken while the blaze of the blesbok is usually broken.

Visible Male/Female Differences

Males are larger and horns are thicker than the females'. Females have one pair of nipples between the hind legs. Males have a conspicuous white scrotum.

Habitat and Distribution

A mixture of grassland and low scrub in the fynbos zone. Needs grass, shelter and permanent water.

Diet

An almost exclusive grazer preferring short grass.

Reproduction

Single lambs are born after a gestation of 238-254 days. Females first calve at three years old. Breeding is triggered by decreasing day length.

Behavior and Habits

Active during the day. Mature males hold territories of 4-28 ha through-out the year. Territories are marked with dung middens scattered throughout the area. The territorial ram lies in the central midden to maintain the smell of his territory. Occupation of a territory is advertised by standing tall in a prominent position. Bushes are thrashed with the horns, and grass stems are scent-marked with the secretion from the glands in front of the eyes. Fights are ritualized and consist only of half-hearted horn clashing. Females usually stay in the herds they were born in and they with their young in herds of up to eight which move through the male territories. A female dominance hierarchy exists which is maintained by horn clashing. Young males leave mixed herds at a year old and join a bachelor herd.

Sounds

A snort as an alarm call

Dung and Field sign

Dung pellets are 1,5 cm long, with a short point at one end, blunt at the other. Deposited in middens on territories. Thrashed bushes.

 



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