Unusual features/differences from similar
The rump is white
whereas the rump is lighter than the body in blesbok. The white blaze from the forehead to the nostrils
narrows sharply between the eyes and is not broken while the blaze of the blesbok
Visible Male/Female Differences
Males are larger and horns are thicker than the females'. Females have one
pair of nipples between the hind legs. Males have a conspicuous white scrotum.
Habitat and Distribution
A mixture of grassland and low scrub in the fynbos zone.
Needs grass, shelter and permanent water.
An almost exclusive grazer preferring short grass.
are born after a gestation of 238-254 days. Females first calve at three years
old. Breeding is triggered by decreasing day length.
Behavior and Habits
Active during the day. Mature males hold
territories of 4-28 ha through-out the year. Territories are marked with dung middens
scattered throughout the area. The territorial ram lies in the central midden to
maintain the smell
of his territory. Occupation of a territory is advertised by standing tall in a prominent position.
Bushes are thrashed with the horns, and grass stems are scent-marked with the secretion
from the glands in front of the eyes. Fights are ritualized and consist only of
horn clashing. Females usually stay in the herds they were born in and they with
their young in herds of up to eight which move through the male
territories. A female dominance hierarchy exists which is maintained by horn clashing. Young males leave mixed herds at a year old and join a bachelor herd.
A snort as an alarm call
Dung and Field sign
Dung pellets are 1,5 cm long, with a short point at one end, blunt at
the other. Deposited in middens on territories. Thrashed bushes.