Visible Male/Female Differences
Males are slightly bigger than females.
Habitat and Distribution
Semi-arid open grassland, light woodland and Karoo scrub.
Rodents, hares, insects,
carrion and birds. It occasionally kills lambs under four days old. Frequently eats
small quantities of grass to aid digestion.
Litters of up to six (usually three) are
born in August-October after a gestation of 50 days. Cubs begin foraging with the mother at 16 weeks, and
are independent at 21 weeks. In stock farming areas blanket predator control is
probably the main cause of death.
Behavior and Habits
Mainly active at night but can be seen at dens very early in the
morning. Cape foxes shelter in dense cover and in rock
crevices or holes. They lives in mated pairs but forage alone. Several may be
seen together where there is a lot of food. The female stays at the den if
there are and the male brings her
food. Home ranges varies with locality and habitat but typically 100-460 ha . Living areas are marked with urine.
A high-pitched howl which is answered by the mate with a
bark. The bark is also used as an alarm
Dung and Field sign
thin sausages with tapered
ends often containing insect exoskeletons.
from the canine teeth are 14-16 mm apart.