Unusual features/differences from similar
stripes on the flanks do not extend onto the belly whereas the belly is striped in Burchell's
Zebra. The legs are striped all the way down but the stripes fade on
the lower legs of the Burchell's Zebra. The
stripes run crossways on top of the rump but diagonally and lengthwise in Burchell's
Zebra. Also, the stripes are black and white whereas Burchell's
Zebra has shadow lines dividing the white stripes on the rump. The ears are larger than
in Burchell's zebra. Like a human fingerprint and irises, each individual has a unique
Visible Male/Female Differences
Females have a
pair of nipples between their hind legs. Males are slightly larger than
Habitat and Distribution
Mountainous areas of the Cape. They prefer grassland to scrub.
A selective grazer eating stem and leaf.
Single foals are born after a gestation of 364 days and at any time of year.
Foals first graze at a
few days old and are weaned at 10 months. Females
first foal at 5 years at which time males are sexually mature but breed
only at 7 years.
Lifespan is at least 25 years.
Behavior and Habits
Most active during the day, alternating grazing
They drink twice a day and prefer clean water. The kinship group
is a breeding herd and consists of a stallion with up to five mares and their
offspring. Old herd stallions are displaced by younger challengers after savage
fights. Dominance among the
mares of a herd is maintained largely by display threats like the pulling back
of the ears,
lowering the head and baring the teeth in a vicious grimace.
remember the mothers body pattern and associate it with their mother, mothers aggressively drive other zebras
away from their newborn foals to avoid the foal mistakenly identifying and
bonding with them instead. Stallions run at the back of the herd when running
from danger and walk at the front when they go down to water.
Home ranges are 3.1 to 16 square km and are not defended as territories. Young males leave the kinship groups when they are 2-3
years old and join bachelor groups. Young females leave their kinship group when they first come into
heat and will not join a herd controlled by a stallion that is related to them.
Stallions snort in alarm as well as a high-pitched alarm call. A drawn-out squeal
when signaling submission. A soft fluttering of the lips caused by forceful exhalation
Dung and Field sign
The dung is kidney-shaped lumps, 5 cm or more across, characteristically
with a crack across the middle, often loosely stuck together. Dust