Unusual features/differences from similar
A tuft of long, brown hair grows on on the
forehead. The tuft of hair is between the horns or ears in the Common
Visible Male/Female Differences
Only males bear horns. Females have two pairs of nipples between the hind
Habitat and Distribution
Dense bushveld with low shrubs. Penetrates into desert along
Independent of water.
They browse on shoots, leaves, fruits and flowers of a wide range of woody and
broad-leaved plants. They use the mobile snout to sniff for the preferred parts
of plants. They eat small quantities of the leaf tips of grasses during the rainy
season and also eat freshly fallen leaves and fruit.
A single fawn born during the rains after a gestation of six months.
Damara dik-diks are preyed on by
leopards, caracal and large raptors; medium-sized raptors such as African
hawk eagles. Young lambs lie hidden in patches of thick cover. Mothers visit to suckle and clean
them at about six-hour intervals.
Behavior and Habits
They are seen as solitary, in pairs, or families of three
and are active at dusk and during the night, hiding in
shade during the hottest part of the day. While browsing they may stand on their hind legs if
food is out of reach. Not dependant on water but will drink if water is
available. Pairs mate for life in and have territories of 3,5 ha. Each dik-dik chases away intruders of the same sex.
Dung is deposited in middens and usually at path junctions. Males defecate and
urinate on top of the dung and urine of females and juveniles. Neighboring males display on their boundary by
making stabbing movements with the horns while standing about half a meter apart.
They may display by stotting, drawing the legs up close under the body
at each jump and giving a short whistle each time the feet touch the ground.
Six vocalizations including a sharp alarm whistle, bleats, and grunts.
Dung and Field sign
Pellets of 1cm. Deposited in middens. Paths through undergrowth with middens at junctions.