Damara Dik-dik - Madoqua kirkii

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Damara Dik-dik - Madoqua kirkii | Oribi - Ourebia ourebi | Suni - Neotragus moschatus | Grysbok - Raphicerus melanotis | Sharpe's Grysbok - Raphicerus sharpii | Klipspringer - Oreotragus oreotragus | Blue Duiker - Philancomba monticola | Red Duiker - Cepholophus natalensis | Common Duiker - Sylvicapra grimmia | Steenbok - Raphicerus campestris | Bushbuck - Trogelophus scriptus | Blesbok - Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi | Bontebok- Domaliscus dorcas dorcas | Reedbuck - Redunca arundinum | Mountain Reedbuck - Redunca fulvorufula | Grey Rheebuck- Pelea capreolus | Springbuck - Antidorcas marsupialis | Impala - Aepyceros melampus melampus | Blue Wildebeest - Connochaetes taurinus | Black Wildebeest - Connochaetes gnu | Tsessebe - Domaliscus lunatus | Gemsbuck - Oryx gazella | Red Hartebeest - Alcelaphus buselaphus | Lichtenstein's Hartebeest - Sigmoceros lichtensteinii | Sable- Hippotragus niger | Roan - Hippotragus equinus | Puku - Kobus vardonii | Waterbuck - Kobus ellipsiprymnus | Red Lechwe - Kobus leche | Nyala - Tragelaphus angasii | Sitatunga - Tragelaphus spekei | Kudu - Tragelaphus strepsiceros | Eland - Taurotragus oryx | Buffalo - Syncerus caffer


Damara Dik-Dik
R.W. Min 2" Max 4"
S.C.I Min 7" Max 11" Measurement Method 1

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2.5 cm


1 cm
Deposited in middens at path junctions

Unusual features/differences from similar animals

. A tuft of long, brown hair grows on on the forehead. The tuft of hair is between the horns or ears in the Common Duiker.

Visible Male/Female Differences

Only males bear horns. Females have two pairs of nipples between the hind legs.

Habitat and Distribution

Dense bushveld with low shrubs. Penetrates into desert along river flows. Independent of water.


They browse on shoots, leaves, fruits and flowers of a wide range of woody and broad-leaved plants. They use the mobile snout to sniff for the preferred parts of plants. They eat small quantities of the leaf tips of grasses during the rainy season and also eat freshly fallen leaves and fruit.


A single fawn born during the rains after a gestation of six months. Damara dik-diks are preyed on by leopards, caracal and large raptors; medium-sized raptors such as African hawk eagles. Young lambs lie hidden in patches of thick cover. Mothers visit to suckle and clean them at about six-hour intervals.

Behavior and Habits

They are seen as solitary, in pairs, or families of three and are active at dusk and during the night, hiding in shade during the hottest part of the day. While browsing they may stand on their hind legs if food is out of reach. Not dependant on water but will drink if water is available. Pairs mate for life in and have territories of 3,5 ha. Each dik-dik chases away intruders of the same sex. Dung is deposited in middens and usually at path junctions. Males defecate and urinate on top of the dung and urine of females and juveniles. Neighboring males display on their boundary by making stabbing movements with the horns while standing about half a meter apart. They may display by stotting, drawing the legs up close under the body at each jump and giving a short whistle each time the feet touch the ground. 


Six vocalizations including a sharp alarm whistle, bleats, and grunts.

Dung and Field sign

Pellets of 1cm. Deposited in middens. Paths through undergrowth with middens at junctions.

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