Unusual features/differences from similar
Slightly larger but very similar to the Cape
mountain zebra, but the stripes on the rump are more even in width. Like a human fingerprint
and irises, each individual has a unique
Visible Male/Female Differences
Males slightly larger than females.
Habitat and Distribution
Areas where mountains and lowland meet. Dependent on water.
Single foals are born at any time of year after gestation
of 362 days. Foals start grazing after only a few days and are weaned at 10 months. Mares first
breed at three years.
Behavior and Habits
Grazes mostly in the early morning and late afternoon, resting in shade
during midday. Dust-bathes regularly. Drinks at least once in the wet and twice in the
dry season. Will dig for water when surface supplies dry up. May move up to 100 km to reach grazing after local rain.
Stallions fight fiercely when assembling a herd. Young males are expelled from the herds
by their mothers at an age of 12-14 months.
hierarchy exists among a breeding herd's mares. Males with no mares form bachelor
herds with dominance hierarchies established by inhibited fighting. Older and
larger animals have higher rank. Young females that leave the herd they were
born in before
they are sexually mature join bachelor herds. Meetings between herd stallions are tense, with stamping, sniffing and lateral
displays with arched neck and lashing tail. Stallions protect their herds from
predators by running in the rear of the herd as they flee, and kicking and
biting attackers. Foals groom their mothers but grooming between adults has not
been recorded. Hartmann's zebras are preyed on by larger predators like lions,
spotted , leopards and
The alarm calls are a sudden snort. The alarm call is a high-pitched,
repeated two-syllable 'kwa-hi'. The sound is typical of the African
bushveld and the colloquial name " quagga" is derived from it. Submission
is communicated by squealing. A soft fluttering of the lips caused by forceful
exhalation of breath.
Dung and Field sign
The dung is kidney-shaped lumps, 5-6 cm
with a crack across the middle, often loosely stuck together. Areas where dust
baths are taken.