Hartmann's Mountain Zebra - Equus zebra hartmanni

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Hartmann's Mountain Zebra - Equus zebra hartmanni | Cape Mountain Zebra - Equus zebra zebra | Burchell's Zebra - Equus burchelli

 


Afrikaans Hartmanse Bergsebra


Tracks
10 cm

Distribution

Dung
6 cm
Crack across middle

Unusual features/differences from similar animals

Slightly larger but very similar to the Cape mountain zebra, but the stripes on the rump are more even in width. Like a human fingerprint and irises, each individual has a unique stripe pattern.

Visible Male/Female Differences

Males slightly larger than females.

Habitat and Distribution

Areas where mountains and lowland meet. Dependent on water.

Diet

Grazers

Reproduction

Single foals are born at any time of year after gestation of 362 days. Foals start grazing after only a few days and are weaned at 10 months. Mares first breed at three years.

Behavior and Habits

Grazes mostly in the early morning and late afternoon, resting in shade during midday. Dust-bathes regularly. Drinks at least once in the wet and twice in the dry season. Will dig for water when surface supplies dry up. May move up to 100 km to reach grazing after local rain. Stallions fight fiercely when assembling a herd. Young males are expelled from the herds by their mothers at an age of 12-14 months.

A dominance hierarchy exists among a breeding herd's mares. Males with no mares form bachelor herds with dominance hierarchies established by inhibited fighting. Older and larger animals have higher rank. Young females that leave the herd they were born in before they are sexually mature join bachelor herds. Meetings between herd stallions are tense, with stamping, sniffing and lateral displays with arched neck and lashing tail. Stallions protect their herds from predators by running in the rear of the herd as they flee, and kicking and biting attackers. Foals groom their mothers but grooming between adults has not been recorded.  Hartmann's zebras are preyed on by larger predators like lions, spotted , leopards and cheetahs.

Sounds

The alarm calls are a sudden snort. The alarm call is a high-pitched, repeated two-syllable 'kwa-hi'. The sound is typical of the  African bushveld and the colloquial name " quagga" is derived from it. Submission is communicated by squealing. A soft fluttering of the lips caused by forceful exhalation of breath.

Dung and Field sign

The dung is kidney-shaped lumps, 5-6 cm across. Characteristically with a crack across the middle, often loosely stuck together. Areas where dust baths are taken.

 



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