Hedgehog - Atelerix frontalis

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Hedgehog - Atelerix frontalis | Bushbabies - Lorisidae | Greater cane rat - Thryonomys swinderianus | Baboons and Monkeys - Cercopithecidae | Pangolin - Manis temminckii | Antbear - Orycteropus afer | Hares - Leporidae | Squirrels - Sciuridae | Spring Hare - Pedietes capensis | Porcupine - Hystrix africaeausralis | Jackals and Foxes - Canidae | Weasels, Polecats, Badgers and Otters - Mustelidae | Civets, Suricates, Genets and Mongooses - Viveridae | Haenas - Hayenidae | Cats - Felidae | Hyraxes - Procaviidae | Pigs - Suidae | Antelope - Bovidae | Rhinocerus - Rhinocerotidae | Zebras - Equidae | Hippopotamus - Hippopotamus amphibius | Giraffe - Giraffa cameloperdalis | Elephant - Loxodonata africana

 


Afrikaans Krimpvarkie Shona Shoni Zulu Nhloni
Tswana Tlhong


Tracks
1.5-2cm

Distribution Dung
2cm

Unusual features/differences from similar animals

The hedgehog can only be confused with the  the porcupine, although porcupines have long quills and are very much larger.

Male/Female differences

None 

Habitat

A wide variety of habitats although they do not occur in desert and high-rainfall areas. They prefer semi- arid and sub-temperate areas.

Diet

Mostly invertebrates- millipedes, and insects, but may take frogs and lizards, mice, eggs and chicks, carrion and fungi.

Reproduction

Breeds during summer months. Gestation is 35 days and there are usually 3-4 in a litter. Newborn young are blind and naked and only the tips of the spines can be seen. The spines grow through the skin 1-3 hours after birth and are replaced at 4-6 weeks at which time the young begin to forage with their mother. Young are weaned at 5 weeks and are independent at 6-7 weeks. Despite the spines which provide protection against other carnivores, Giant eagle owls (Bubo lacteus) eat hedgehogs in large numbers.

Behavior

Hedgehogs are mostly nocturnal, resting in dense vegetation under debris, under logs, or burrows. Semi-permanent resting sites used only by females with young or during winter. May be seen in daytime during the rainy season. They are solitary, encounters are noisy with much snuffling and snorting and head butting. Hedgehogs move slowly when foraging but can run at 7 km/h. Prey is found by  smell and is rooted out from litter and under rocks and logs. They are noisy and rely more on the spines than concealment for protection against predators. When disturbed they curl up and pull the spiny skin on its back down over its head and legs to form a ball of spines. When temperatures are low, day length is under 11 hours, or food availability is low, they become inactive. When such conditions get worse, extended periods of inactivity result.

Sounds

Sniffing, growling and snorting. The alarm call is a high-pitched screech.

Dung and Field sign

Dung is produced in cylinders with rounded ends, about 1 cm thick and up to 5 cm long, commonly containing fragments of insect carapaces.



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