Visible Male/Female Differences
Only males bear horns. Females are slightly bigger than males and have two pairs
of nipples between the hind legs.
Habitat and Distribution
Confined to rocky areas.
Sometimes moves out onto flatter areas to feed.
A browser eating leaves, shoots, fruit and flowers of a wide range of
plants. Also chews bones and eats soil to obtain minerals.
A single young weighing 1,1 kg are born at any time of year after a gestation
of 5-6 months. Young are weaned at 4-5 months. Horns are visible at 6 months and
young are full grown at 1 year old. Females first lamb at about 2 years. Lambs lie hidden for 2-3 months, and stay close to the adults once they
begin to accompany the mother. Klipspringer are preyed on by caracals,
leopards, spotted hyenas and
eagles and black-backed jackals take lambs.
Lifespan 8 years.
Behavior and Habits
Lives in male-female
pairs with young of the year; occasionally a male with two females. Active for
short periods during the day, and for at least part of the night. Shelters
from both heat and cold by lying down among rocks or in of bushes. Pairs stay close together and follow each other
around; they are bonded by grooming. Very territorial, males advertising occupation of territory by standing on rocks for long
periods. Territories are marked with large dung middens and on twigs and stiff grass stems with black, sticky preorbital gland secretion
with a tar-like
smell. Both sexes mark but males mark more than females and males over-mark female marks. Fights over territory are
rare but savage. Klipspringer (Afrikaans for rock jumper) are very agile and surefooted on rocks.
They are able
to outpace any ground predator over rocky ground. The hard edges of the hooves provide
excellent grip, and the tiptoe stance allows klipspringers to stand on small areas.
The alarm call is a loud whistle, given while standing prominently on a rock or
Dung and Field sign
Pellets of 0,5-1cm long, more elongated than rock rabbits, Rock-
and Yellow-spotted hyraxes and
mountain reedbuck pellets. Dung is tapered at both ends. Deposited in dung middens up to 1m across and 10 cm
deep. Globules of black gland secretion on
the tips of twigs.