Klipspringer - Oreotragus oreotragus

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Damara Dik-dik - Madoqua kirkii | Oribi - Ourebia ourebi | Suni - Neotragus moschatus | Grysbok - Raphicerus melanotis | Sharpe's Grysbok - Raphicerus sharpii | Klipspringer - Oreotragus oreotragus | Blue Duiker - Philancomba monticola | Red Duiker - Cepholophus natalensis | Common Duiker - Sylvicapra grimmia | Steenbok - Raphicerus campestris | Bushbuck - Trogelophus scriptus | Blesbok - Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi | Bontebok- Domaliscus dorcas dorcas | Reedbuck - Redunca arundinum | Mountain Reedbuck - Redunca fulvorufula | Grey Rheebuck- Pelea capreolus | Springbuck - Antidorcas marsupialis | Impala - Aepyceros melampus melampus | Blue Wildebeest - Connochaetes taurinus | Black Wildebeest - Connochaetes gnu | Tsessebe - Domaliscus lunatus | Gemsbuck - Oryx gazella | Red Hartebeest - Alcelaphus buselaphus | Lichtenstein's Hartebeest - Sigmoceros lichtensteinii | Sable- Hippotragus niger | Roan - Hippotragus equinus | Puku - Kobus vardonii | Waterbuck - Kobus ellipsiprymnus | Red Lechwe - Kobus leche | Nyala - Tragelaphus angasii | Sitatunga - Tragelaphus spekei | Kudu - Tragelaphus strepsiceros | Eland - Taurotragus oryx | Buffalo - Syncerus caffer


Afrikaans Klipspringer
Tswana Kololo Shona Ngururu Tswana Kololo
R.W. Min 4" Max 6"
S.C.I Min 11" Max 16" Measurement Method 1

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2 cm


1 cm
Tapered at both ends
Deposited in large middens

Visible Male/Female Differences

Only males bear horns. Females are slightly bigger than males and have two pairs of nipples between the hind legs. 

Habitat and Distribution

Confined to rocky areas. Sometimes moves out onto flatter areas to feed.


A browser eating leaves, shoots, fruit and flowers of a wide range of plants. Also chews bones and eats soil to obtain minerals.


A single young weighing 1,1 kg are born at any time of year after a gestation of 5-6 months. Young are weaned at 4-5 months. Horns are visible at 6 months and young are full grown at 1 year old. Females first lamb at about 2 years. Lambs lie hidden for 2-3 months, and stay close to the adults once they begin to accompany the mother. Klipspringer are preyed on by caracals, leopards, spotted hyenas and baboons; large eagles and black-backed jackals take lambs. Lifespan 8 years.

Behavior and Habits

Lives in male-female pairs with young of the year; occasionally a male with two females. Active for short periods during the day, and for at least part of the night. Shelters from both heat and cold by lying down among rocks or in of bushes. Pairs stay close together and follow each other around; they are bonded by grooming. Very territorial, males advertising occupation of territory by standing on rocks for long periods. Territories are marked with large dung middens and on twigs and stiff grass stems with black, sticky preorbital gland secretion with a tar-like smell. Both sexes mark but males mark more than females and males over-mark female marks. Fights over territory are rare but savage. Klipspringer (Afrikaans for rock jumper) are very agile and surefooted on rocks. They are able to outpace any ground predator over rocky ground. The hard edges of the hooves provide excellent grip, and the tiptoe stance allows klipspringers to stand on small areas.


The alarm call is a loud whistle, given while standing prominently on a rock or boulder. 

Dung and Field sign

Pellets of 0,5-1cm long, more elongated than rock rabbits, Rock- and Yellow-spotted hyraxes and mountain reedbuck pellets. Dung is tapered at both ends. Deposited in dung middens up to 1m across and 10 cm deep. Globules of black gland secretion on the tips of twigs.

Safari Media Africa/C.A. Mitchell 2000-2012

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