Visible Male/Female Differences
Both sexes have lightly ridged, sharply bent
horns. The horns are heavily ridged in the red
hartebeest and not sharply bent in tsessebe. Females have one pair of nipples
between their hind legs. The male is slightly larger than the female.
Habitat and Distribution
Savanna where open woodland meets grassland
A selective grazer which prefers fresh growth. They are attracted to new growth after a burn
and eat ash
and burned grass for their mineral content.
Single young weighing 15 kg born in September after a
Gestation of 240 days. Females first calve at two years.
Behavior and Habits
They form small herds of 12-16 consisting of young or bachelor males. Mature
bulls hold territories of 2,5 square km and non-territorial males live alone or in bachelor groups.
During the mating season females are herded onto the territories and other males
expelled. Territories are
marked with dung piles and secretions from a gland in front of the eye. They dig up soil and thrash
vegetation with the horns. Calves are mobile shortly after birth,
but usually lie in the open while the mother grazes in close proximity.
The alarm call is an explosive snort.
Dung and Field Sign
Pellets are 1.5 cm long, deposited in middens. Horned up patches of soil, thrashed bushes.