Lichtenstein's Hartebeest - Sigmoceros lichtensteinii

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Damara Dik-dik - Madoqua kirkii | Oribi - Ourebia ourebi | Suni - Neotragus moschatus | Grysbok - Raphicerus melanotis | Sharpe's Grysbok - Raphicerus sharpii | Klipspringer - Oreotragus oreotragus | Blue Duiker - Philancomba monticola | Red Duiker - Cepholophus natalensis | Common Duiker - Sylvicapra grimmia | Steenbok - Raphicerus campestris | Bushbuck - Trogelophus scriptus | Blesbok - Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi | Bontebok- Domaliscus dorcas dorcas | Reedbuck - Redunca arundinum | Mountain Reedbuck - Redunca fulvorufula | Grey Rheebuck- Pelea capreolus | Springbuck - Antidorcas marsupialis | Impala - Aepyceros melampus melampus | Blue Wildebeest - Connochaetes taurinus | Black Wildebeest - Connochaetes gnu | Tsessebe - Domaliscus lunatus | Gemsbuck - Oryx gazella | Red Hartebeest - Alcelaphus buselaphus | Lichtenstein's Hartebeest - Sigmoceros lichtensteinii | Sable- Hippotragus niger | Roan - Hippotragus equinus | Puku - Kobus vardonii | Waterbuck - Kobus ellipsiprymnus | Red Lechwe - Kobus leche | Nyala - Tragelaphus angasii | Sitatunga - Tragelaphus spekei | Kudu - Tragelaphus strepsiceros | Eland - Taurotragus oryx | Buffalo - Syncerus caffer

 

 

File:Lichtenstein's Hartebeest.jpg
Afrikaans Lichtenstein se Hartebees/Mofhartbees
R.W. Min 18" Max 24"
S.C.I Min 53" Max 73" Measurement Method 1
Photo
Paul Maritz via wikipedia


Tracks
F 8cm
H 9cm

Distribution Dung
1.5 cm
Deposited in middens

Visible Male/Female Differences

Both sexes have lightly ridged, sharply bent horns. The horns are heavily ridged in the red hartebeest and not sharply bent in tsessebe. Females have one pair of nipples between their hind legs. The male is slightly larger than the female.

Habitat and Distribution

Savanna where open woodland meets grassland with water.

Diet

A selective grazer which prefers fresh growth. They are attracted to new growth after a burn and eat ash and burned grass for their mineral content.

Reproduction

Single young weighing 15 kg born in September after a Gestation of 240 days. Females first calve at two years.

Behavior and Habits

They form small herds of 12-16 consisting of young or bachelor males. Mature bulls hold territories of 2,5 square km and non-territorial males live alone or in bachelor groups. During the mating season females are herded onto the territories and other males expelled. Territories are marked with dung piles and secretions from a gland in front of the eye. They dig up soil and thrash vegetation with the horns.  Calves are mobile shortly after birth, but usually lie in the open while the mother grazes in close proximity.

Sounds

The alarm call is an explosive snort.

Dung and Field Sign

Pellets are 1.5 cm long, deposited in middens. Horned up patches of soil, thrashed bushes.

 



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