Nyala - Tragelaphus angasii

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Damara Dik-dik - Madoqua kirkii | Oribi - Ourebia ourebi | Suni - Neotragus moschatus | Grysbok - Raphicerus melanotis | Sharpe's Grysbok - Raphicerus sharpii | Klipspringer - Oreotragus oreotragus | Blue Duiker - Philancomba monticola | Red Duiker - Cepholophus natalensis | Common Duiker - Sylvicapra grimmia | Steenbok - Raphicerus campestris | Bushbuck - Trogelophus scriptus | Blesbok - Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi | Bontebok- Domaliscus dorcas dorcas | Reedbuck - Redunca arundinum | Mountain Reedbuck - Redunca fulvorufula | Grey Rheebuck- Pelea capreolus | Springbuck - Antidorcas marsupialis | Impala - Aepyceros melampus melampus | Blue Wildebeest - Connochaetes taurinus | Black Wildebeest - Connochaetes gnu | Tsessebe - Domaliscus lunatus | Gemsbuck - Oryx gazella | Red Hartebeest - Alcelaphus buselaphus | Lichtenstein's Hartebeest - Sigmoceros lichtensteinii | Sable- Hippotragus niger | Roan - Hippotragus equinus | Puku - Kobus vardonii | Waterbuck - Kobus ellipsiprymnus | Red Lechwe - Kobus leche | Nyala - Tragelaphus angasii | Sitatunga - Tragelaphus spekei | Kudu - Tragelaphus strepsiceros | Eland - Taurotragus oryx | Buffalo - Syncerus caffer


Afrikaans Njala  Zulu Inyala Shona Nyara
Photo: National Parks Board
R.W. Min 27" Max 32"
S.C.I Min 63" Max 82" Measurement Method 5

wpe23.jpg (8842 bytes)

F 6cm
H 5cm

Distribution Dung
1.5 cm
Visible Male/Female Differences

Only males bear horns and manes. Horns are corkscrewed with a ridge up the outside of the curve with short yellowish tips. Females have two pairs of nipples between their hind legs. 

Habitat and Distribution

Prefers thickets in savanna woodland and riverine bush but they are not dependent on water. Widely translocated outside their natural distribution range. High densities of nyala may degrade habitat for bushbuck, suni, and blue duiker and red duiker


Browses and grazes of available grass and broad-leaved plants. Will eat both fresh and fallen leaves, shoots, fruit, flowers and bark. Males eat almost twice as much as females.


Nyala breeds throughout the year. A single lamb of about 5 kg is born after gestation 220 days. Females first lamb at 2-3 years. Females give birth in thickets where lambs lie hidden for 18 days

Behavior and Habits

Active at sundown and into the night, they rest in the middle of the day and after midnight. Nyala go to grassland to graze only at night if it feels threatened. Nyala often associate with vervet monkeys or baboons to benefit from the fruit and leaves dropped by them. Nyala are solitary or can normally be seen in herds of up to 6, sometimes up to 30. Young males leave at two years old and join a bachelor herd. Nyala are not territorial. Males dig up soil and thrash bushes with their horns. Status display involves raising the mane and a stately parade past the adversary with very deliberate, high steps of the bright yellow legs. The head will be down, the horns pointed forward and the tail curled up over the back to show its white underside. If this grand display is ineffective, serious fights resulting in death may result but they are rare. Nyala react to the alarm calls of baboons, impala and kudu.


The alarm call is a deep bark. Lost lambs bleat to attract their mothers. 

Dung and Field sign

Horned up soil and thrashed bushes. Droppings are 1,5 cm long with a small bump at one end and a hollow at the other.


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