|Visible Male/Female Differences
Only males bear horns. Females are slightly bigger than males.
Habitat and Distribution
Open habitat with short grass and patches of heavy cover. Independent of water.
A strong preference for fresh green grass. Seasonally
eats grass flowers.
Single young weighing 2,3kg are born in November-January after a gestation of 210
days. Fawns are weaned at 3-4 months. Lifespan 13 years.
Behavior and Habits
Active day and night, grazing for about a third of the day and resting in thicker grass or
bushes. A social unit is a territorial ram, one or two females and their young.
cover about 30-50 ha but territories may be smaller in habitats with more
food. Rams display their
status by standing prominently, patrolling the borders of their territory, and stotting.
They mark their territories with urine and dung and rub a black preorbital gland secretion
on stiff grass stems. Males scratch where females have
defecated and urinated and over-mark with their own scent. They defend
territories savagely and fights may be fatal. Being very alert, they keep their heads up when
resting and choose positions on higher ground for good visibility. In long grass it jumps every few paces to
check for predators.
The alarm call is a snorting whistle or short snorts.
Dung and Field sign
Droppings are 1 cm long with a
short narrow point at one end, deposited in middens next to pathways. Bitten-off grass stems with black secretion on top.