Unusual features/differences from similar
White strip up the front
of the neck to the throat whereas the puku is whitish
only on the throat. The front of the legs
are dark brown or black but the puku nor impala
have black legs.
Visible Male/Female Differences
Only males bear horns, ridged except at the
Habitat and Distribution
Wet grasslands in northern Botswana.
After a gestation 7-8 months a single lambs
with a of 5 kg is born. It is weaned at 7 months. Both males and females are mature at 2 years but
not mate until they hold territory at 3-4 years. Waterbuck are taken by lions and
leopards .Lambs lie hidden for up to two months and
once they are mobile they spend more time with other lambs than with their
Behavior and Habits
Most active in the early morning
and will feeds up to 1 km from water. They drink up to 3
times a day in hot weather and moves closer to water at night, tending to rest on
termite heaps for better visibility. When trying to escape, they always run towards water.
They are usually in small groups of 1 -5 but may sometimes form herds of up to 120.
The territories of breeding rams are in
areas of rich grazing and they occupy them throughout the year. Ownership is advertised
with a broadside display to intruders to accentuate their size. Subordinate show
their submission by holding their heads low
with their horns back along the neck. Fights involve pushing with the horns and
may escalate to vicious attempts to gore the opponent. Female herds move
through male territories.
A short, high-pitched whistle
pellets are 1-2 cm long, rounded at one end, blunt at the other.