Sitatunga - Tragelaphus spekei

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Damara Dik-dik - Madoqua kirkii | Oribi - Ourebia ourebi | Suni - Neotragus moschatus | Grysbok - Raphicerus melanotis | Sharpe's Grysbok - Raphicerus sharpii | Klipspringer - Oreotragus oreotragus | Blue Duiker - Philancomba monticola | Red Duiker - Cepholophus natalensis | Common Duiker - Sylvicapra grimmia | Steenbok - Raphicerus campestris | Bushbuck - Trogelophus scriptus | Blesbok - Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi | Bontebok- Domaliscus dorcas dorcas | Reedbuck - Redunca arundinum | Mountain Reedbuck - Redunca fulvorufula | Grey Rheebuck- Pelea capreolus | Springbuck - Antidorcas marsupialis | Impala - Aepyceros melampus melampus | Blue Wildebeest - Connochaetes taurinus | Black Wildebeest - Connochaetes gnu | Tsessebe - Domaliscus lunatus | Gemsbuck - Oryx gazella | Red Hartebeest - Alcelaphus buselaphus | Lichtenstein's Hartebeest - Sigmoceros lichtensteinii | Sable- Hippotragus niger | Roan - Hippotragus equinus | Puku - Kobus vardonii | Waterbuck - Kobus ellipsiprymnus | Red Lechwe - Kobus leche | Nyala - Tragelaphus angasii | Sitatunga - Tragelaphus spekei | Kudu - Tragelaphus strepsiceros | Eland - Taurotragus oryx | Buffalo - Syncerus caffer


Afrikaans Waterkoedoe 
R.W. Min 27" Max 32"
S.C.I Min 60" Max 81" Measurement Method 5


Distribution Dung
1.5 - 2cm
often clustered

Unusual features/differences from similar animals

The hooves are very long, designed to splay outward for support on mud.

Visible Male/Female Differences

Only males bear horns, corkscrewed  with a prominent ridge almost to the white tips. Females have two pairs of nipples between the hind legs.

Habitat and Distribution

Occurs only in dense reed beds and grasslands in the Okavango and Chobe. They make short seasonal migrations out of the reed beds during the annual flood.


Fresh sprouts of reeds and papyrus as well as papyrus flowers. Sitatunga also graze and browses on trees, ferns and broad-leaved plants.


A single calf is born and weaned at 4-5 months. Calves are born on reed platforms prepared by the mothers which return 2-4 times a day to suckle.

Behavior and Habits

Active at any time of the day or night except in the heat of the day, moving out of the reed beds and into woodland at night. They are strong swimmers and have no problem feeding in shoulder deep water. They rest on floating platform of reeds where they make narrow pathways. Normally solitary, they may be seen in herds of up to six females with a mature ram. Sitatunga are not territorial. Rams display their dominance by standing tall, threatening with the horns, and horning the soil.  Calves swim before they can walk properly. Sitatunga run for only 50 - 100 m, stop and listen for pursuit, may take to the water and swim away or may hide by going under the water with only the nostrils above the surface. Leopards, lions and wild dogs take sitatunga while they are on dry land.


A loud bark, given more often at night. 

Dung and Field sign

Platforms of broken down reeds. Narrow pathways through the reeds. Broken papyrus stems with the flowers bitten off.


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