Unusual features/differences from similar
The hooves are very long, designed to splay outward for
support on mud.
Visible Male/Female Differences
males bear horns, corkscrewed with a prominent ridge almost to the white
tips. Females have two pairs of nipples between the hind legs.
Habitat and Distribution
only in dense reed beds and grasslands in the Okavango and
Chobe. They make short seasonal migrations out of the reed beds during the annual flood.
sprouts of reeds and papyrus as well as papyrus flowers. Sitatunga also graze and browses on trees, ferns and
A single calf is born and weaned at 4-5 months. Calves are born on reed
platforms prepared by the mothers which return 2-4 times a day to suckle.
Behavior and Habits
at any time of the day or night except in the heat of the day, moving out of the reed beds
and into woodland at night. They are strong swimmers and have no problem feeding
in shoulder deep water. They rest on floating platform of reeds where they make narrow pathways.
Normally solitary, they may be seen in herds of up to six
females with a mature ram. Sitatunga are not territorial. Rams display their
standing tall, threatening with the horns, and horning the soil. Calves swim before they can walk properly. Sitatunga run for only 50 -
100 m, stop and listen for pursuit, may take to
the water and swim away or may hide by going under the water with only the nostrils above
the surface. Leopards, lions and
wild dogs take sitatunga while
they are on dry land.
A loud bark,
given more often at night.
Dung and Field sign
of broken down reeds. Narrow pathways through the reeds. Broken papyrus stems with the flowers bitten off.