Unusual features/differences from similar
on the under parts which barely extends onto the flanks while the white on the oribi under parts
extends about a third of the way up the flanks. The neck is shorter and proportionately thicker than
the neck of the oribi.
The tail is
short and red body on top and white underneath whereas the oribi's
tail is black on top.
Visible Male/Female Differences
Only males bear horns. Females are slightly larger and have two pairs of nipples between their hind legs.
Habitat and Distribution
Open woodland and grassland. Require bushes for cover. . Independent of water as long as
green food is available. Penetrates into desert along watercourses. Avoids forest, dense
woodland and rocky areas.
selective grazer and browser. Browsing
includes leaves and fine stems of broad-leaved and woody plants. Also eats berries, fruit and
pods. Digs for tubers and bulbs and eats melons for water.
Single fawns weighing 0,9 kg are born throughout the year after a gestation
of 168-173 days. Lambs lie hidden for 3-4 months. Females mature at six months, first lamb at
one year old. Lifespan eight years.
Behavior and Habits
Active during the day and nighttime. Feeding time is
increased in the dry season. Almost all feeding is below 60 cm. Home ranges cover 0,3 to
2 sq km. Dung
and urine are mixed with soil by scraping with the forefoot. Glands between the hooves mark
the territory as the steenbok walks around, and may add scent when
dung is mixed with soil. Avoids predators by lying still in thick cover. Sprints away if approached closely,
making long leaps every few paces, then drops out of sight into cover or stops
and watches for pursuit. If no other cover is available it will hide in large holes in the
ground. Mostly solitary or commonly in pairs.
Generally silent but bleats under stress.
Dung and Field sign
Pellets are shiny, long and thin,
1 cm x 0,5 cm, with a narrow point at one end. Dung mixed with soil but not necessarily