Unusual features/differences from similar
Underparts are white but cream in Sharpe's
grysbok. Only males bear horns which grow in the plane of the face and which
grow from just behind the
eyes. Horns are further back in the grysbok, duiker,
oribi and steenbok and more upright in oribi and steenbok.
The horns are ridged but smooth on other small antelope
Visible Male/Female Differences
Only males bear horns. Females are bigger than males and have two pairs of nipples
between their hind legs.
Habitat and Distribution
Dry woodland with thickets and underbrush. Scrub and bush along rivers and drainage
lines. Independent of water.
Mainly fallen leaves, flowers and fruit, but will also browse and eat
Single fawn are born throughout the year after a gestation of seven months. Females first lamb
at 20 months. Eaten by eagles, carnivores, and pythons. Poaching with snares is
the major cause of death, killing more
suni than predators do.
Behavior and Habits
Usually seen singly and sometimes in
pairs. Also a female with lamb or a pair with a lamb. Active at any time, mainly in the early morning and late afternoon. Lies up in thickets
during the hottest part of the day. Both sexes are territorial: male territories overlap
those of females. Territories cover 1-4 ha in good habitat and are larger in poor habitat. Scent marks of
gland in front of the eyes are deposited on stems and twigs.
Glands between the hooves mark pathways as the suni walks. Both males and
females urinate and defecate in communal middens. If a
strange suni defecates on a midden, the territorial male over-marks the deposit.
Shy and wary; freezes if disturbed, then jumps away.
Barks an alarm and runs for cover if
alarmed. Also makes a
Dung and Field sign
Droppings are 0.5 cm long, tapered at one end, blunt at the other.
Deposited in middens. Trails through undergrowth. Black secretions on short stems