Suni - Neotragus moschatus

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Damara Dik-dik - Madoqua kirkii | Oribi - Ourebia ourebi | Suni - Neotragus moschatus | Grysbok - Raphicerus melanotis | Sharpe's Grysbok - Raphicerus sharpii | Klipspringer - Oreotragus oreotragus | Blue Duiker - Philancomba monticola | Red Duiker - Cepholophus natalensis | Common Duiker - Sylvicapra grimmia | Steenbok - Raphicerus campestris | Bushbuck - Trogelophus scriptus | Blesbok - Damaliscus dorcas phillipsi | Bontebok- Domaliscus dorcas dorcas | Reedbuck - Redunca arundinum | Mountain Reedbuck - Redunca fulvorufula | Grey Rheebuck- Pelea capreolus | Springbuck - Antidorcas marsupialis | Impala - Aepyceros melampus melampus | Blue Wildebeest - Connochaetes taurinus | Black Wildebeest - Connochaetes gnu | Tsessebe - Domaliscus lunatus | Gemsbuck - Oryx gazella | Red Hartebeest - Alcelaphus buselaphus | Lichtenstein's Hartebeest - Sigmoceros lichtensteinii | Sable- Hippotragus niger | Roan - Hippotragus equinus | Puku - Kobus vardonii | Waterbuck - Kobus ellipsiprymnus | Red Lechwe - Kobus leche | Nyala - Tragelaphus angasii | Sitatunga - Tragelaphus spekei | Kudu - Tragelaphus strepsiceros | Eland - Taurotragus oryx | Buffalo - Syncerus caffer

 

 


Afrikaans Soenie
Zulu Nhlengane

wpeF.jpg (4447 bytes)


Tracks
2 cm

Distribution

Dung
.75 cm
Tapered at one end, blunt at the other
Deposited in middens

Unusual features/differences from similar animals

Underparts are white but cream in Sharpe's grysbok. Only males bear horns which grow in the plane of the face and which grow from just behind the eyes. Horns are further back in the grysbok, duiker, oribi and steenbok and more upright in oribi and steenbok. The horns are ridged but smooth on other small antelope 

Visible Male/Female Differences

Only males bear horns. Females are bigger than males and have two pairs of nipples between their hind legs.

Habitat and Distribution

Dry woodland with thickets and underbrush. Scrub and bush along rivers and drainage lines. Independent of water.

Diet

Mainly fallen leaves, flowers and fruit, but will also browse and eat mushrooms.

Reproduction

Single fawn are born throughout the year after a gestation of seven months. Females first lamb at 20 months. Eaten by eagles, carnivores, and pythons. Poaching with snares is the major cause of death, killing more suni than predators do.

Behavior and Habits

Usually seen singly and sometimes in pairs. Also a female with lamb or a pair with a lamb. Active at any time, mainly in the early morning and late afternoon. Lies up in thickets during the hottest part of the day. Both sexes are territorial: male territories overlap those of females. Territories cover 1-4 ha in good habitat and are larger in poor habitat. Scent marks of gland in front of the eyes are deposited on stems and twigs. Glands between the hooves mark pathways as the suni walks. Both males and females urinate and defecate in communal middens. If a strange suni defecates on a midden, the territorial male over-marks the deposit. Shy and wary; freezes if disturbed, then jumps away.

Sounds

Barks an alarm and runs for cover if alarmed. Also makes a high-pitched 'chee-chee'.

Dung and Field sign

Droppings are 0.5 cm long, tapered at one end, blunt at the other. Deposited  in middens. Trails through undergrowth. Black  secretions on short stems and twigs.

 



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