Tree Hyrax - Dendohyrax arboreus

• Hedgehog - Atelerix frontalis • Bushbabies - Lorisidae • Greater cane rat - Thryonomys swinderianus • Baboons and Monkeys - Cercopithecidae • Pangolin - Manis temminckii • Antbear - Orycteropus afer • Hares - Leporidae • Squirrels - Sciuridae • Spring Hare - Pedietes capensis • Porcupine - Hystrix africaeausralis • Jackals and Foxes - Canidae • Weasels, Polecats, Badgers and Otters - Mustelidae • Civets, Suricates, Genets and Mongooses - Viveridae • Haenas - Hayenidae • Cats - Felidae • Hyraxes - Procaviidae • Pigs - Suidae • Antelope - Bovidae • Rhinocerus - Rhinocerotidae • Zebras - Equidae • Hippopotamus - Hippopotamus amphibius • Giraffe - Giraffa cameloperdalis • Elephant - Loxodonata africana •

Rock Dassie - Procavia capensis | Tree Hyrax - Dendohyrax arboreus | Yellow-spot Hyrax - Heterohyrax brucei


Afrikaans Boomdassie Siswati lmbila ye ma hlatsi

F 5 cm
H 7 cm


1 cm

Deposited in middens on ground or
bases in cylindrical clusters of 5cm

Unusual features/differences from similar animals

The spot on the back is cream-coloured whereas it is black in the Rock hyrax and cream in Yellow-spotted hyrax. The Tree Hyrax does not have long black tactile body hairs of the Rock Hyrax and the Yellow-spotted hyrax. The eyes do not reflect brightly in a spotlight.

Visible Male/Female Differences

Females have one or two pairs of nipples on the belly.

Habitat and Distribution

The Rock hyrax's preferred habitat is evergreen and riverine forests and they do not penetrate beyond forest fringes.


A wide verity of leaves. 


Litters of 2-3 born after a gestation of 7-8 months. Breeding season unknown.

Behavior and Habits

Active at night and solitary, they shelter during the day in holes in large trees. They are tree-dwelling and are nimble climbers. They defecate and urinates in middens in tree holes or on the ground. 


Its most distinctive call is a blood-curdling scream; also gives a cackling bark, growls and grinds its teeth. Calls induce a cacophony of response calls from other tree hyraxes.

Dung and Field sign

Dung is small rounded pellets in cylindrical clusters about 5 cm long and 2 cm thick. Deposited in middens in tree holes or on the ground at the base of trees.

Safari Media Africa/C.A. Mitchell 2000-2012

Developed by