Males are bigger than females. Male have a very large and
Trees in savanna woodland and open areas.
Seeds, flowers, leaves, berries, fruit and bark, acacia gum, lichens,
grass and insects.
They breed at any time of year with a peak in summer,
of 1-3 young after a gestation of 53-57 days. Young emerge from the nest at 20
days and are weaned after 4 weeks.
Sexually mature at 10 months.
Behavior and Habits
Tree squirrels live in groups of one or two adult males or females with
sub adults and up to seven young. They sleep together in tree
holes lined with grass or leaves. They groom one another and anal
mark each other. Forages both in trees and on the ground. Active during the day, especially in the early morning and
late afternoon. Group members recognize each other by their shared odor.
Strangers are chased away from the group's nest hole and feeding areas. Group
territories are defended by adult males and are scent
marked by mouth wiping, urination and anal dragging by all group members.
are mobbed with loud clicking calls accompanied by tail flicking. When
alarmed, tree squirrels flee to their nest or they hide in dense foliage or lie along the top of a branch.
They climb around trunks of trees to keep the trunk between themselves and danger.
A female in season gives a seductive, prolonged, loud clicking call. She may be chased by several males
which may include
intruders to the territory. Males help groom the young. Families remain together until the offspring are
sexually mature at 10 months old.
drawn out 'chuck-chuck-chuck' call given while sitting in a prominent position
is probably a territorial advertisement.
Predators are mobbed with loud clicking calls that rise in intensity until they
run together into a harsh rattle. A high-pitched whistle is an extreme alarm
call. Also croaking noises and single "chucks"
Dung and Field sign
1cm long. Heaps
of discarded shells and food fragments at feeding sites.