Berg Adder - Bitis atropos

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Front Fanged Hinged

Average Length: 40 cm Names in other languages
Afrikaans: Bergadder
Look for:
  • A thick snake with triangular head
  • Triangular markings on the body
  • Load hisses when disturbed
  • Strikes even when out of range
  • Enjoys basking in the sun


Distribution


Venom Type: Neurotoxic and Cytoxic with specific effect on on optic and facial nerves. Drooping eyelids, dizzyness and temporary loss of taste and smell is caused. Victims usually recover within few days without antivenom. No deaths have been recorded.

First Aid

Immobilize and reassure victim who must lie down and be kept as quiet as possible. Apply pressure bandage immediately, see First-aid procedures; immobilize limb with a splint to reduce spread of venom.  Loosen bandage if there is severe swelling, do not remove bandage. Transport to hospital as soon as possible.

Habits

This snake reacts violently if annoyed and hisses loudly when encountered.

Food

Lizards and small rodents.

Reproduction

Female gives birth to 4-15 young in summer.

Enemies

Predatory birds and other snakes.

Habitat

Found on mountains or low altitudes.

 

 

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