Snouted Night Adder - Causus defilippii

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Average Length: 30 cm. Names in other languages
Afrikaans: Wipneus nagadder.
Look for:
  • A V-shaped marking on the head
  • An upturned snout


Distribution


Venom Type: Cytotoxic. Venom, although producing normal blood poison symptoms, is seldom fatal if adequate first aid treatment is administered within reasonable time.


First Aid

Immobilise and reassure victim, who must lie down and be kept as quiet as possible. Apply pressure bandage immediately, see First-aid procedure; immobilise limb with a splint to reduce spread of venom. Loosen, but do not remove bandage if there is severe swelling. Take victim to hospital as soon as possible.

Habits

Although docile,  it will react violently when molested, hissing noisily, flattening the neck and striking repeatedly.  Snout obtuse, prominent and upturned at the end. The V on the back of the neck is characteristic, mimicked by the harmless Egg Eater

Food

Toads and frogs.

Reproduction

Oviparous. Lays 8-12 eggs which hatch in 100 days. Hatchlings 100 mm.

Enemies

Other snakes, leguaans and predatory birds.

Habitat

Favours damp moist savanna, lowland forest; seeks refuge in old termite mounds, under logs and building rubble.

 

 

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